End milling

End mills are cylindrical milling cutters with a shank that has cutting edges on both the periphery and end face. They are used for a wide range of applications such as shoulder milling, slotting and contoured surface milling.


Compared to other tools, end mils are used with a relatively long tool overhang, and this can easily lead to unstable machining with vibration. This makes tool selection, setting and cutting conditions difficult to determine.


Previous solid type end mills were made from high-speed steel. However, with today's rapid development of coating technology and tool substrate materials, solid carbide coated end mills and indexable insert end mills have become popular and are used over a wide application area.



Features of end milling

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Up and down (climb) cut milling